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International Journal for Research Trends and Innovation
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ISSN Approved Journal No: 2456-3315 | Impact factor: 8.14 | ESTD Year: 2016
Scholarly open access journals, Peer-reviewed, and Refereed Journals, Impact factor 8.14 (Calculate by google scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool) , Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Indexing in all major database & Metadata, Citation Generator, Digital Object Identifier(DOI)

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Impact Factor : 8.14

Issue per Year : 12

Volume Published : 7

Issue Published : 74

Article Submitted : 3608

Article Published : 2079

Total Authors : 5515

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Paper Title: Effectiveness of cold application on pain during IM injection among infants attending immunization clinic
Authors Name: Sweta Kumari , Sweety Kumari , Shweta Kumari , Ms. Aurelia Anita Ekka
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IJRTI_182217
Published Paper Id: IJRTI2206078
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 6, June-2022
DOI:
Abstract: Introduction: Pain is highly unpleasant and very personal sensation. Infants have Pain during intramuscular immunization. Cold application is a simple procedure to reduce pain due to intramuscular immunization. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of cold application on level of pain associated with intramuscular immunization. Design: A quantitative approach using quasi- experimental post only test design. Participants: 50infants undergoing intramuscular immunization. Sampling technique: A non-probability purposive sampling technique is used to selected hospital Narayan medical college and hospital Jamuhar, Rohtas”. Intervention: Cold application is applied for 30 seconds just prior to inserting the needle. Tools: Standardized Neonatal Infant Pain Scale is used to assess the level of pain associated with intramuscular immunization. Results: Analysis among Experimental group by using independent t test found significant value 9.13 at p<0.05 level. Conclusion: Cold application is effective on reducing the pain associated with intramuscular immunization among infants.
Keywords: local cold application, infants, intramuscular injection, immunization, pain
Cite Article: "Effectiveness of cold application on pain during IM injection among infants attending immunization clinic", International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research (www.ijrti.org), ISSN:2455-2631, Vol.7, Issue 6, page no.453 - 461, June-2022, Available :http://www.ijrti.org/papers/IJRTI2206078.pdf
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ISSN: 2456-3315 | IMPACT FACTOR: 8.14 Calculated By Google Scholar| ESTD YEAR: 2016
An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 8.14 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator
Publication Details: Published Paper ID: IJRTI2206078
Registration ID:182217
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 6, June-2022
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Page No: 453 - 461
Country: -, -, -
Research Area: Engineering
Publisher : IJ Publication
Published Paper URL : https://www.ijrti.org/viewpaperforall?paper=IJRTI2206078
Published Paper PDF: https://www.ijrti.org/papers/IJRTI2206078
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ISSN: 2456-3315
Impact Factor: 8.14 and ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2016

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